Cuaca Besok Di Jakarta Hujan Atau Panas? Ini Kata BMKG Selasa, 27 Februari 2024

Ilustrasi prakiraan cuaca besok di Jakarta, Selasa (27/2). Foto: Ng Putu Wahyu Rama/RM

FRUTANGJERUK.com  Rakyat Merdeka – Perbaharui informasi cuaca besok, Selasa (27/2) sebelum berkegiatan di Jakarta. Terutama untuk memastikan cuaca apakah hujan atau panas? 

Simak berikut ini adalah prakiraan cuaca besok terbaru dari Badan Meteorologi, Klimatologi, dan Geofisika (BMKG).

Menurut BMKG, langit di Jakarta besok didominasi awan tebal dari pagi hingga malam hari. Namun, waspadai hujan sedang hingga hujan petir yang diprediksi mengguyur saat dini hari.

Suhu udara besok bervariasi di beberapa wilayah. Antara 28-31 derajat Celsius. Wilayah yang akan menerima sengatan matahari lebih panas besok adalah Jakarta Barat.

Berikut ini prakiraan cuaca besok di Jakarta selengkapnya: 

1. Jakarta Barat

   – Pagi: Berawan Tebal

   – Siang: Berawan Tebal

   – Malam: Berawan Tebal

   – Dini Hari: Hujan Petir

   – Suhu: 24 – 31 °C

   – Kelembapan: 75 – 95 persen

2. Jakarta Pusat

   – Pagi: Berawan Tebal

   – Siang: Berawan Tebal

   – Malam: Berawan Tebal

   – Dini Hari: Hujan Sedang

   – Suhu: 25 – 29 °C

   – Kelembapan: 80 – 90 persen

3. Jakarta Selatan

   – Pagi: Berawan

   – Siang: Hujan Ringan

   – Malam: Berawan Tebal

   – Dini Hari: Hujan Petir

   – Suhu: 24 – 30 °C

   – Kelembapan: 75 – 90 persen

4. Jakarta Timur

   – Pagi: Berawan Tebal

   – Siang: Berawan Tebal

   – Malam: Berawan Tebal

   – Dini Hari: Hujan Petir

   – Suhu: 24 – 30 °C

   – Kelembapan: 75 – 90 persen

5. Jakarta Utara

   – Pagi: Berawan Tebal

   – Siang: Berawan Tebal

   – Malam: Berawan Tebal

   – Dini Hari: Hujan Sedang

   – Suhu: 25 – 29 °C

   – Kelembapan: 80 – 90 persen

6. Kepulauan Seribu

   – Pagi: Hujan Ringan

   – Siang: Berawan Tebal

   – Malam: Berawan Tebal

   – Dini Hari: Hujan Petir

   – Suhu: 27 – 28 °C

   – Kelembapan: 85 – 90 persen.https://lepassaja.com/

Alabama IVF ruling divides devout Christians: ‘Fewer children will be born’

Margaret Boyce wearing a white top and blazer
Image caption,Margaret Boyce was days away from her first appointment for IVF when Alabama made its ruling

By Nomia Iqbal

BBC News in Birmingham, Alabama

When Alabama’s Supreme Court defined frozen embryos as children, the shock and confusion was immediate. Major hospitals pulled fertility services and would-be parents scrambled for clarity on what would happen next.

The debate over reproductive rights in America has long been driven, in part, by opposition to abortion from Christian groups – but this ruling has divided that movement and ignited debate about the role of theology in US lawmaking.

Short presentational grey line

Margaret Boyce is soft-spoken, a private person, and certainly not – in her words – a “crier”.

She had been taking fertility drugs for 10 months and was days away from her first appointment for in-vitro fertilisation (IVF) when the justices of Alabama’s top court upended her life.

Their ruling, which prompted many fertility clinics to pause their work, has left her turning to the Bible daily for comfort.

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The 32-year-old and her husband have a young boy but, second time round, she is experiencing unexplained infertility. Building a family has always been the dream.

“I’m one of three. I feel like it’s the greatest gift to give your child a sibling,” she said.

“The journey to becoming parents is different for every single couple – mentally, emotionally and financially,” she added, welling up.

“This ruling has added more unnecessary anxiety to something that is already so hard.”

For a devout Christian like Margaret, the ruling – given its consequences for what she sees clearly as a process to create life – is even more difficult to comprehend.

“God,” she said, “tells you to go forth and be fruitful and multiply.”

IVF is a difficult and lengthy treatment, involving the fertilisation of a woman’s eggs with sperm in a lab to create a microscopic embryo. The fertilised embryo is then transferred into a woman’s uterus, where it may create a pregnancy – but a successful outcome is not guaranteed.

Embryos are often frozen or eventually destroyed as part of IVF, which accounts for around 2% of US pregnancies.

The Alabama court ruled that an existing law – wrongful death of a minor – covers not just foetuses in the womb, but embryos held in a lab or storage facility too.

It did not explicitly restrict or ban IVF, but it has still created deep uncertainty for clinics and medical workers who handle embryos and fear prosecution. In recent days the office of the state’s attorney general said he had “no intention” of pursuing criminal charges against IVF clinics – but one clinic told the BBC this statement lacked detail and did not quell their fears.

Short presentational grey line

While the majority of the justices rooted their ruling in law, Chief Justice Tom Parker also had a higher authority in mind, repeatedly invoking scripture in explaining his decision.

The people of Alabama, he wrote in a concurring opinion, had adopted a “theologically-based view of the sanctity of life” in their state constitution.

Tom parker wearing a black robe and glasses, sitting in front of a black backdrop
Image caption,Chief Justice Tom Parker, of the Alabama Supreme Court

Delving into religious sources from classic Christian theologians like St. Thomas Aquinas and also a modern conservative Christian manifesto, he concluded that “even before birth, all human beings have the image of God, and their lives cannot be destroyed without effacing his glory”.

Some anti-abortion groups celebrated the explicit use of scripture in Justice Parker’s opinion to justify what for them was a momentous decision.

Tony Perkins, president of evangelical activist group the Family Research Council, described it as “a beautiful defence of life”.

But the chief justice’s theocratic justification has left Margaret puzzled. She doesn’t believe in abortion but she also struggles to see a frozen embryo as a living person. For her, life begins with a heartbeat.

“Nobody understands more that an embryo is not a child,” she said, before taking a pause, “than the person yearning for that embryo to be a child.”

US courts do sometimes make decisions that seem to be based on religious premises, said Meredith Render, a professor at the University of Alabama School of Law.

But, she added, “rarely do you see it as explicitly stated” as in the chief justice’s opinion.

The ruling was however “not an outlier” for a conservative court in a red state, said Kelly Baden, the vice president for public policy at the Guttmacher Institute, which tracks abortion legislation across the US.

“We do see that many elected officials and judges alike are often coming at this debate from a highly religious lens,” she said.

While the Alabama state Supreme Court is not appointed by the US president, more than 200 judges were appointed by Donald Trump to federal courts during his four-year term, winning him lasting support from American evangelicals.

During his presidency he was able to nominate three new justices to the nine-member Supreme Court – all of whom sided with the majority in striking down the 1973 Roe v Wade decision that had guaranteed a federal right to abortion.

Since that decision in 2022 re-opened a national battle over reproductive rights, courts in Missouri have quoted Biblical teachings to justify restricting abortion rights and a Trump-appointed judge in Texas who previously worked for a Christian legal organisation tried to impose a nationwide ban on Mifepristone, a commonly used abortion pill.

While many Republican politicians comfortably agree with such rulings, restrictions on abortion imposed by conservative courts have proved a potent campaign issue for Democrats in recent elections, including the 2022 midterms.

Donald Trump gestures and stands in front of a US flag against a blue backdrop
Image caption,Donald Trump has said he supports the availability of IVF treatment, calling on Alabama to find “an immediate solution”

The Alabama decision, made by Republican judges and affecting fertility treatments widely supported by the US public, went one step further, prompting immediate fear of a political backlash in a presidential election year.

Any sign of IVF being endangered could worsen the anger that’s already cost Republicans since the fall of Roe v Wade, especially among suburban women and those who are uncomfortable with abortion bans.

Donald Trump himself, the clear frontrunner in the Republican nomination race, came out strongly in support of IVF, calling on Alabama lawmakers to preserve access to the treatment. His last remaining rival Nikki Haley at first appeared to support the ruling, but then backtracked.

“It’s a win philosophically for the pro-life movement because it carries on the pro-life recognition of unborn life,” said Eric Johnston, president of the Alabama Pro-Life Coalition.

“But you get into a very difficult situation, where you have this medical procedure that’s accepted by most people, and then how do you deal with it? That’s the dilemma.

“I agree with the opinion overall – I think it’s well written opinion from the legal side and from the medical side,” he added.

“But I think the pro-life community in general supports IVF, and I’ve known and worked with many people who have had children via IVF. And at the same time, they think abortion is wrong. This issue is so different from abortion, but it has to do with life.”

What next for fertility patients in Alabama and beyond?

For patients in the deep-south state, the last week has been one of panicked phone calls to clinics, emails to local lawmakers and a rush by some to try and transfer frozen embryos out of the state.

Rodney Miller, 46, and his wife Mary Leah, 41, spent a decade trying to have children, before IVF allowed them to give birth to a set of twins 18 months ago, who were adopted as frozen embryos.

He said he “thanks the Lord for the advances in science and medicine” that made that possible.

Rodney Miller wearing a white shirt and orange pullover
Image caption,Rodney Miller warned the ruling could mean fewer children are born

The couple are now going through the process again, and waiting to see if two embryos transplanted this week will develop into a pregnancy.

“This is not a win [for the Christian right],” says Rodney, who works for Carrywell, an organisation that supports families through infertility.

“It’s the classic case of you won the battle but lost the war. Fewer children will be born because of this unless things change.

“How did we become a state where if you want to terminate a pregnancy, you have to leave the state and if you want to initiate a pregnancy, via IVF you [also] have to leave the state?”

Whether the ruling in Alabama influences decisions elsewhere is an open question.

Foetal personhood bills, which enshrine the idea that life begins at conception, have been introduced in more than a dozen states. But these bills, while pushing the idea that a foetus or embryo is a person, don’t explicitly relate that to the context of IVF, said Kelly Baden of the Guttmacher Institute.

The Alabama ruling – with its implications that go far beyond abortion access – does not therefore constitute a trend, she said.

Alabama family lawyer Ashleigh Meyer Dunham, who has used IVF herself, has been working with a large number of cases affected by the ruling. She said she was “terrified” that fertility patients in other states could eventually be affected.

Ashleigh Meyer Dunham wearing a black blazer and pink headband
Image caption,Ashleigh Meyer Dunham is worried that more states might make similar rulings

“I think the biggest concerns are that people elsewhere forget about us and they think, ‘Oh they’re just the conservative state, and they’re all country bumpkins. Don’t worry it will never happen here.’

“And the next thing you know, it is happening in other states that are ultra-conservative.”

Because the Alabama ruling involves an interpretation of state, not federal law, it is unlikely to reach the US Supreme Court. Currently a bill is going through the state house in Alabama, introduced by Democrats, which would aim to effectively pause the ruling and allow treatments to resume as before.

Republicans are expected to propose their own bill. If they do, they have to find a way to balance a divided religious constituency, with some celebrating the court’s ruling and others disturbed by its potential implications for IVF.

Margaret is praying that lawmakers find a solution.

“I’m not very outspoken, I keep myself to myself. But if any of my friends or family heard that I was sending emails to every single representative and senator, I think they would be shocked.”https://lepassaja.com/

Seleris Luncurkan Platform Masa Depan Untuk Asuransi Jiwa dan Kesehatan

Peluncuran Seleris di Bandung, Jawa Barat/Ist

FRUTANGJERUK.com  Rakyat Merdeka – PT Seleris Mediktekno Internasional, perusahaan teknologi Kecerdasan Buatan (AI) terdepan, mengumumkan peluncuran Seleris, suatu platform underwriting asuransi jiwa dan kesehatan yang revolusioner. 

Platform yang diluncurkan di Bandung, Jumat (23/2/2024) ini dirancang untuk membantu perusahaan asuransi di Indonesia dan dunia untuk meningkatkan efisiensi, akurasi dan kecepatan dalam proses underwriting.

Platform Seleris menggunakan teknologi Multimodal AI dan pembelajaran mesin (ML) untuk mengotomatisasi banyak tugas underwriting yang memakan waktu dan berulang. Hal ini memungkinkan perusahaan asuransi untuk:

•    Mempercepat waktu penerbitan polis: Platform Seleris dapat memproses aplikasi asuransi dalam hitungan menit, dibandingkan dengan berhari-hari atau bahkan berminggu-minggu dengan metode tradisional.

•    Meningkatkan akurasi underwriting: AI dan ML membantu perusahaan asuransi untuk membuat keputusan underwriting yang lebih akurat dengan menganalisis data dari kesehatan calon nasabah.

•    Mengurangi biaya: Otomatisasi underwriting dapat membantu perusahaan asuransi untuk menghemat biaya dan meningkatkan efisiensi operasional.

“Seleris adalah perangkat underwriting masa depan yang akan merevolusi industri asuransi jiwa dan kesehatan,” kata Rinaldi Anwar, Founder dan CEO Seleris. 

Menurutnya, Seleris akan memberikan pengalaman yang lebih cepat, lebih mudah, dan lebih transparan bagi nasabah dan agen asuransi, dan akan membantu lebih banyak orang mendapatkan perlindungan asuransi yang mereka butuhkan

Peluncuran platform Seleris menandai tonggak penting dalam industri asuransi. 

“Platform ini akan membantu perusahaan asuransi untuk memberikan layanan yang lebih baik kepada nasabah mereka dan meningkatkan efisiensi bisnis mereka,” ujarnya.

Keuntungan Seleris

•    Lebih cepat: Seleris dapat memproses aplikasi asuransi dalam hitungan menit, dibandingkan dengan proses tradisional yang bisa memakan waktu berhari-hari atau bahkan berminggu-minggu.

•    Lebih mudah: Seleris mudah digunakan oleh nasabah dan agen asuransi, tanpa memerlukan pengetahuan teknis.

•    Lebih akurat: Seleris menggunakan AI dan ML untuk membuat keputusan underwriting yang lebih akurat dan konsisten.

•    Lebih transparan: Seleris memberikan informasi yang jelas dan mudah dipahami kepada nasabah tentang proses underwriting dan keputusan yang diambil.

Fitur Utama Seleris

Platform Seleris menawarkan berbagai fitur canggih, di antaranya:

•    Penilaian risiko AI: Platform Seleris menggunakan AI untuk menganalisis data kesehatan dan gaya hidup nasabah untuk menilai risiko asuransi mereka.

•    Otomatisasi underwriting: Platform Seleris dapat secara otomatis memproses aplikasi asuransi, termasuk verifikasi data dan penilaian risiko.

•    Chatbot: Platform Seleris menyediakan chatbot untuk nasabah yang ingin bertanya tentang layanan Seleris.

Manfaat Platform Seleris untuk Perusahaan Asuransi. 

Platform Seleris menawarkan berbagai manfaat bagi perusahaan asuransi, di antaranya:

•    Peningkatan efisiensi: Platform Seleris dapat membantu perusahaan asuransi untuk memproses aplikasi asuransi lebih cepat dan dengan biaya yang lebih rendah.

•    Peningkatan akurasi: Platform Seleris dapat membantu perusahaan asuransi untuk membuat keputusan underwriting yang lebih akurat.

•    Peningkatan kepuasan nasabah: Platform Seleris dapat membantu perusahaan asuransi untuk memberikan layanan yang lebih cepat dan lebih baik kepada nasabah mereka.

Tentang Seleris

PT Seleris Mediktekno Internasional (SMI) adalah perusahaan layanan teknologi kecerdasan buatan (AI) terdepan yang menyediakan solusi teknologi inovatif untuk industry asuransi. 

Layanan Seleris merupakan solusi underwriting asuransi jiwa dan kesehatan masa depan yang memanfaatkan teknologi biometric video wajah dan multimodal AI untuk proses underwriting yang lebih efektif, efisien, akurat dan nyaman. 

Tidak hanya untuk pasar asuransi di Indonesia, Seleris telah mengembangkan sayapnya ke pasar global dengan mendirikan Seleris Asia Pacific Technology (SAPT) dan Seleris Global IP (SGIP) yang didirikan di Singapura untuk menyebarkan inovasinya ke dunia asuransi internasional. 

Saat ini, Seleris sudah meluncurkan tiga produknya, yaitu Seleris Lifins, Seleris Medins dan Seleris Checkup. Bagi pembaca yang ingin mengetahui lebih lanjut dapat melihat Website: www.seleris.ai atau menghubungi Dhita di Email: [email protected].https://lepassaja.com/

Kim Petras on sexual liberation and fighting TiKTok

Kim Petras promotional photo, showing the singer in a sequinned top emblazoned with the word "Problematique"
Image caption,Kim Petras has been releasing music since she was 12 years old, achieving mainstream success with her Sam Smith collaboration Unholy in 2022

By Mark Savage

BBC Music Correspondent

You probably shouldn’t play Kim Petras’s new EP to your mum.

Titled Slut Pop Miami, it’s an outrageous, sex-positive, club-ready tribute to the joys of carnal pleasure.

Released on Valentines’ Day, it was inspired by “hedonistic trips to Miami” and joins a lineage of explicit, transgressive pop, from Madonna’s Erotica to Cardi B and Megan Thee Stallion’s WAP.

“Stirring up the culture and raising eyebrows has been in the DNA of pop forever,” Petras tells the BBC.

The EP is the German-born star’s third release since last June, following her debut album Feed The Beast and Problématique, a surprise release of an earlier, scrapped project.

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This flurry of activity followed her appearance on Sam Smith’s global chart-topper Unholy – which made Petras the first openly transgender artist to have a US number one and the first trans artist to win a major category Grammy.

Her mainstream breakout followed years of hard graft. Petras started uploading cover songs to MySpace in 2007, and later gambled on a move to Los Angeles in the hope of becoming a pop star.

“I played every gay club in America, I danced on every single bar and I built my following from the ground up,” she says.

“I didn’t have my breakthrough until Unholy but, to get to that stage, I had to release multiple songs as an independent artist and prove to record labels that there’s a fanbase out there for me.”

That determination paid off. Now signed to Republic Records (home to Taylor Swift and Ariana Grande), she’s in the middle of a sold-out, 40-date world tour.

On a rare day off, Petras called the BBC to reflect on her career to date.

Kim Petras pictured at BBC Radio One in February 2023
Image caption,The singer’s biggest songs include I Don’t Want It At All, Heart To Break and Coconuts

Hey Kim! Are we interrupting your vocal rest?

Not today, I have a bunch of things lined up. But usually, between shows, I just shut up for two whole days. It’s the only thing that works for singers who actually sing.

Ah yes, you have a policy of never miming. How come?

I just feel ripped off if I go to a show and the artist isn’t singing.

When you sing live, it makes the show different every night. Your performance reflects the energy of the crowd. If they’re into it, you’re going to hit all the high notes and do all the crazy runs. And knowing that gives the fans motivation to go crazy as well.

It helps that you have a really strong voice…

Well, I’ve always been really loud! I used to get in trouble with my neighbours because I love diva singers like Freddie Mercury or Cher, so it felt right for me to sing big.

How did you train yourself to emulate Cher?

Well, at first, you blow out your voice a bunch, until you realise you’re screaming and doing it wrong. I used to sing from my throat a lot – for us Germans the “R” sounds are in our throats. Then you adjust and learn to sing from your body, not your throat.

But thank God, I had a voice to work with in the beginning. My parents taught me a lot, too. My dad’s an architect, but he plays eight instruments and was always off to band rehearsals. And my mum was really into jazz, so there was a lot of Billie Holiday in the house.

Kim Petras performs on stage in 2023
Image caption,The singer’s world tour wraps in her home country of Germany next month

It’s nice to hear that. So many interviews about your childhood focus on your gender transition, but music was always important?

Absolutely. I was always singing. Music was my happy place and honestly very helpful in my transition. I went through that stuff very early [Petras completed gender reassignment surgery at 16] and music allowed me to sing and twirl and forget about how the world reacted to me.

Once I started learning how to write, it immediately became my job. I figured, OK, you live in the middle of nowhere, no-one’s going to write songs for you, so you’d better learn to do it yourself.

I wanted to be like an Indiana Jones of music and find the magic formula to pop.

Does that explain why your songs are so upbeat and escapist, even now?

Totally. I think there’s a double standard in music where the stuff that gets taken seriously is sad and depressed, because those emotions are so hard. But a lot of the time, I feel very depressed and the way to get myself out of it is to write a ridiculous song. If I write a sad one, it’s just going to make me sadder.

So, for me, making happy songs, or slutty songs, takes just as much effort as writing a slow ballad. Just because it doesn’t seem like there’s any hurt or pain going into the creation of that, it doesn’t mean it’s not there.

Can you imagine a time where you would write about the things you went through as a teenager?

I try to stay away from the past. I find the past quite useless. I’m more focused on new and exciting things. But yeah, I definitely feel like, after releasing so many different projects, I need to go down new routes. Maybe it would be more about the stuff I’m currently going through, rather than the past.

Kim Petras holds aloft a dagger in a promotional image for her debut albun, Feed The Beast, in June 2023
Image caption,The star embraces hedonism on her Slut Pop project and played the character of a serial killer on her Halloween-themed Turn Off The Light mixtape

The lyrics on Slut Pop aren’t especially deep, but the idea of relishing and celebrating sex still feels quite radical in pop. Why do you think that is?

It’s something I feel strongly about. I’ve always been surrounded by incredible women. Even at school, the people who stood up for me and understood my condition were female.

And I think men’s desire to control women’s bodies has been the plague of this planet forever. It very much goes hand in hand with being transgender. The people who wanted to forbid me to transition are the same ones who want to forbid women to have abortions or have sex and even make money from it.

I’m a big fan of Madonna’s work, and I feel like, when she celebrated sex in Erotica and her Sex book, people misunderstood it as just filth. But female sexuality isn’t filth, and it shouldn’t be written off like that. Neither is trans-feminine sexuality or anyone’s sexuality. I think everybody should be equal.

That’s not to say Slut Pop is a big political statement. It’s supposed to just be fun, but the conversation it stirs up is a good thing.

A lot of the Slut Pop songs have blown up on TikTok. What are your thoughts on Universal Music removing music, including yours, from the app while they argue over royalty payments?

I feel very protected by Universal. I know people who have number one records and can’t afford their rent, so I’m proud Universal is taking a stand.

Of course, right now, all of us Universal artists are screwed a little bit, but you’ve gotta take one for the team. The intentions are noble. It’s about musicians making money from their art – and not just the famous faces, but the songwriters and the people behind the scenes. I feel like it’s a really good fight.

Kim Petras and Sam Smith accept the Grammy Award for best pop duo/group performance in Los Angeles, 2023
Image caption,Kim Petras and Sam Smith won the Grammy Award for best pop duo/group performance last year, and were introduced on stage by Madonna

When royalty payments are so low, do you ever think about going back to your first job and writing advertising jingles?

Me and my friends still make jingles all the time, just for fun. And if I ever had a stroke of genius and came up with something where I’m like, ‘This has laundry detergent written all over it’, then, for sure, I’m not above it.

And about the money thing: I know what it’s like to struggle and be a songwriter who lives on a studio couch and goes a year without getting any songs released but, at the end of the day, as long as I can write music, I’m happy. The money part is really for my fans. I want to put on the best show for them.

You’re opening the Euro 2024 football tournament this summer. What can you tell us about that?

I’m over thhttps://lepassaja.com/e moon about it. Soccer is such a big part of German culture, so it feels like a huge deal. I have so many memories of watching matches with my friends and getting absolutely hammered, so it’s gonna be crazy!

PSI Temukan Kejanggalan Penghitungan Suara Pemilu 2024

Logo PSI. (Foto: Ist)

FRUTANGJETUK.com  Rakyat Merdeka – DPP PSI menginstruksikan seluruh pengurus, caleg, dan kader partai untuk mengawal proses perhitungan suara di setiap tingkatan. Instruksi sudah dijalankan dan DPP menerima laporan terjadinya sejumlah kesalahan. 

“Saya sendiri sudah turun ke berbagai kecamatan dan menemukan kesalahan input.  Misalnya di sebuah TPS di Jakarta Utara. Batang lidi mencatat 35 tapi di kolom angka ditulis 25. Ada pengurangan 10 suara. Itu baru satu caleg PSI dan satu TPS. Terbayang kalau dikalikan 12 ribuan TPS di satu dapil,” kata Ketua DPP PSI, Cheryl Tanzil, Sabtu (24/2/2024). 

Temuan-temuan semacam ini itu diperoleh sebagai hasil pengawasan yang dilakukan para pengurus, caleg, dan kader PSI. 

“Kalau teman-teman pengurus, caleg, dan kader tidak mengawal dan mengawasi, mustahil temuan-temuan itu  sampai ke DPP,” lanjut Cheryl.

Mengawal suara adalah hak konstitusional seluruh peserta pemilu. Setiap suara adalah amanat rakyat yang tidak boleh disia-siakan. 

“PSI menggunakan hak itu untuk memastikan tidak ada satu pun suara rakyat yang hilang. PSI sendiri tetap optimis bisa melewati parliamentary threshold  4 persen dan lolos ke Senayan,” kata Cheryl.

Nah, ketika menemukan kesalahan-kesalahan semacam itu, koreksi-koreksi segera dilakukan dan disepakati seluruh saksi partai-partai lain di berbagai tingkatan.

“Kami percaya KPU dan seluruh penyelenggara pemilu sudah bekerja dengan sangat baik dan berdedikasi. Tapi namanya manusia, sangat mungkin kelelahan atau lengah,” pungkas Cheryl.https://lepassaja.com/

What are the sanctions on Russia and have they affected its economy?

Saint Basil's Cathedral in Moscow

The US, UK and EU have announced new sanctions on Russia, two years after its invasion of Ukraine.

The measures also marked a week since the death in custody of opposition leader Alexei Navalny.

What are sanctions?

Sanctions are penalties imposed by one country on another, to stop them acting aggressively or breaking international law.

They are among the toughest measures nations can take, short of going to war.

What are the latest sanctions on Russia?

Announcing 500 new sanctions against Russia, US President Joe Biden said they would target Russia’s war machine. Export restrictions will be imposed on nearly 100 firms or individuals.

President Biden said the measures would also target people connected with the imprisonment of Mr Navalny, who died in an Arctic penal camp.

The UK has frozen the assets of six bosses at the prison and banned them from travelling to the UK.

Alexei Navalny addresses a crowd, before his imprisonment

The UK has also imposed new bans on Russian metal, diamond and energy exports.

The EU has announced sanctions on 200 organisations and people which it says are helping Russia acquire weapons, or taking Ukrainian children from their homes.

The sanctions include companies and individuals involved in shipping North Korean armaments to Russia.

What other sanctions have been imposed on Russia?

Since Russia’s invasion of Ukraine in February 2022, the US, UK and EU, along with countries including Australia, Canada and Japan, have imposed more than 16,500 sanctions on Russia.

Their main target has been Russia’s money.

Foreign currency reserves worth $350bn (£276bn) – about half its total reserves – were frozen.

About 70% of the assets of Russian banks were also frozen, the EU says, and some were excluded from Swift, a high-speed messaging service for financial institutions.

Western nations have also:

Roman Abramovich
Image caption,Roman Abramovich, former owner of Chelsea FC, is one oligarch who has been sanctioned

Russia’s oil industry has been another major target.

The US and UK banned Russian oil and natural gas. The EU has banned seaborne crude imports.

The G7 – an organisation of the world’s seven largest “advanced” economies – has imposed a maximum price of $60 (£47) a barrel on Russian crude oil, to try to reduce its earnings.

Which Western companies have left Russia?

Hundreds of major firms, including McDonald’s, Coca-Cola, Starbucks and Heineken, have stopped selling and making goods in Russia.

However, some still do business in Russia.

PepsiCo, for example, has been accused of continuing to sell food products in Russia. And the BBC discovered that US cosmetics firm Avon was making goods in a factory near Moscow.

How has Russia evaded sanctions?

President Vladimir Putin has claimed European sanctions have done Russia no harm, saying: “We have growth, and they have decline.”

Russia has managed to sell oil abroad for more than the G7’s price cap, according to the Atlantic Council, a US think tank. It says a “shadow fleet” of about 1,000 tankers is used to ship it.

The International Energy Agency says Russia is still exporting 8.3 million barrels of oil a day – having increased supplies to India and China.

Russia is also able to import many sanctioned Western goods by buying them through countries such as Georgia, Belarus and Kazakhstan, according to researchers at King’s College London.

China has been a vital supplier of alternative hi-tech products to those produced in the West, says Dr Maria Snegovaya from the US think tank, the Center for Strategic and International Studies.

“China sells it chips and other components it needs to for keep its military production going,” she says. “Russia wouldn’t be able to pull that off without China’s help.”https://lepassaja.com/

Kembali Teken Kontrak, PIS Gandeng Hyundai Bangun 2 Tanker LPG

FRUTANGJERUK.com  Rakyat Merdeka – PT Pertamina International Shipping (PIS) belum berhenti memberikan gebrakan di awal tahun ini, terutama untuk menambah kekuatan armada perusahaan dan ekspansi pasar global.

Setelah menandatangani kontrak pembangunan 15 tanker Medium Range (MR) di Korea pada Januari lalu, PIS kini menandatangani kontrak dengan Hyundai Mipo Dockyard Co.Ltd untuk pembangunan dua kapal tanker LPG berteknologi dual-fuel.

Rencananya, 2 kapal baru jenis Handysize yang masing-masing bermuatan 23 ribu meter kubik ini ditargetkan selesai dibangun pada Mei dan Oktober 2026.

Kedua kapal tersebut akan dimanfaatkan untuk pengangkutan komoditas LPG dan juga bisa untuk mengangkut amonia.

Penandatanganan pembangunan tanker ini berlangsung di Nusa Dua, Bali, Jumat (23/2/2024) dihadiri CEO PIS Yoki Firnandi dan President and COO HD Hyundai Group Park Seong Yong. HD Hyundai Group merupakan induk usaha dari Hyundai Mipo Dockyard.

CEO PIS Yoki Firnandi mengatakan, kerja sama dengan Hyundai Group ini berdasarkan pertimbangan rekam jejak Hyundai yang dikenal sebagai salah satu perusahaan pembangunan dan galangan kapal terbaik di dunia.

“Kami harus bekerja dengan mitra terbaik untuk mendapatkan kapal terbaik, dan bekerja dengan yang terbaik,” ujar Yoki.

“Kami yakin akan mendapatkan kapal dengan kualitas terbaik karena ditangani oleh perusahaan yang terbaik di kelasnya, untuk mendukung bisnis kami ke depan,” ucapnya.

PIS, kata Yoki, memiliki target pertumbuhan bisnis dengan rata-rata 11 persen per tahun dan dalam 10 tahun ke depan bisa mencapai revenue hingga US$ 9 miliar atau 3 kali lipat dari saat ini.

“Oleh sebab itu kami sangat gencar untuk ekspansi dan menambah armada baik dengan pembangunan kapal baru maupun pembelian kapal eksisting,” ungkap Yoki.

Menurutnya, penambahan dua kapal handysize yang akan dimanfaatkan untuk pengangkutan LPG (serta bisa mengangkut amonia) ini juga bukti komitmen PIS dalam mendukung transisi energi selaras dengan target Pertamina Net Zero 2060.

Dua kapal terbaru ini dipastikan memiliki teknologi terkini dan menggunakan sistem dual-fuel atau dua tangki bahan bakar sehingga lebih ramah lingkungan.

“Ini sesuai dengan komitmen bisnis PIS untuk mendukung ESG dan dekarbonisasi dengan menambah porsi kapal pengangkut energi yang lebih ramah lingkungan,” tambahnya.

Yoki menegaskan, penambahan armada ini juga seiring dengan upaya perusahaan untuk mendukung ketahanan energi nasional, kebutuhan energi terus meningkat setiap tahunnya.

Menurutnya, PIS akan terus bertumbuh bersama dengan Pertamina Group untuk menjaga ketahanan energi nasional.

“Hal ini akan terus mengembangkan layar kami dengan berbagai ekspansi dan inovasi yang bisa mendorong pertumbuhan ekonomi negara, sekaligus mengharumkan nama Indonesia di kancah global,” pungkas Yoki.

President and COO HD Hyundai Group Park Seong Yong menyambut hangat kerja sama yang terjalin dengan PIS.

“Kami meyakini kita memiliki semangat dan strategi yang sama untuk berkembang, dan memegang semangat itu untuk mencapai target,” ujarnya.https://lepassaja.com/

US-Taiwan: Why are so many Congressmen heading for Taipei?

Taiwanese hold placards during a protest against the visit of US House Speaker Nancy Pelosi, in Taipei, Taiwan, 02 August 2022.
Image caption,Protesters ahead of Nancy Pelosi’s visit in 2022

By Rupert Wingfield-Hayes

BBC News, Taiwan

“How would you like it if we started sending official delegations to Honolulu to meet with separatist leaders who want Hawaiian independence from the United States? What would you do if we started selling them weapons?”

It might seem like a false equivalence, but this is a line of argument often deployed by China’s legion of armchair warriors, who take to social media to condemn any visit to Taiwan by US government officials – and especially members of the US Congress. China sees self-ruled Taiwan as a breakaway province that will eventually be under Beijing’s control, and so, to these social media users, such visits are an unacceptable provocation and interference in China’s internal affairs.

Of course, these visits – like the one being made by Representative Mike Gallagher, head of the US House’s China committee, this week – are viewed very differently in Washington and Taipei, which sees itself as distinct from the Chinese mainland, with its own constitution and democratically-elected leaders.

But it does raise the question, what is their purpose? Are they a genuine show of support that helps deter China – or are they publicity stunts that serve to provoke Beijing, and solidify the view that Washington is intent on the permanent separation of Taiwan?

Short presentational grey line

The visits are not without consequence. How the US handles its relationships with Beijing and Taipei will do much to determine whether the current tense stalemate across the Taiwan Straits remains that way, or gets a lot worse.

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“We have come here to reaffirm US support for Taiwan and express solidarity in our shared commitment to democratic values,” said Congressman Ami Bera and Mario Díaz Balart as they wound up a trip here in January. They were the first to make the pilgrimage to Taipei following the 13 January presidential election.

Now, the hawkish Rep Gallagher – who told the Guardian last year Beijing was aiming “to render us subordinate, humiliated and irrelevant on the world stage” – arrives with a number of colleagues a month later. It is likely they will not be the last. Since 2016, the number of US congressional delegations crossing the Pacific has increased dramatically. In 2018, for example, six lawmakers made the trip. Last year, 32 visited, according to a tally by Global Taiwan.

A handout photo made available by the Taiwan presidential office shows Taiwan President Tsai Ing-wen (C) posing for a picture with US Representative Ami Bera (R) and US Representative Mario Diaz-Balart (L) during their meeting in Taipei, Taiwan, 25 January 2024.
Image caption,President Tsai Ing-wen met US Representatives Ami Bera (right) and Mario Díaz-Balart in January

That trend has been actively encouraged by Taiwan’s current President Tsai Ing-wen, and does not appear to have been discouraged on the US side. Indeed, President Joe Biden has been the most explicit of any US leader yet in his defence of Taiwan – albeit while still continuing a commitment to America’s One China policy.

“It’s important,” says J Michael Cole, a former Canadian intelligence officer and one-time advisor to President Tsai. “The United States keeps saying we have a rock-solid commitment to Taiwan. But you need a public component to that exercise. That’s what rattles Beijing, that’s what gets journalists writing about it.”

And unlike the $80m (£63m) grant signed off by Biden in November, these visits also represent a low-cost way for the US to re-assure the people of Taiwan that they do mean what they say.

“We have research that shows high-level visits increase people’s confidence in the US-Taiwan relationship,” says Chen Fang-yu, a political scientist at Soochow University in Taipei.

Such visits promote a more friendly attitude towards America from those who remain sceptical of whether the US would actually turn up if Taiwan were attacked by China, he explains. However, there are others here who have imbibed conspiracy theories, many of which originate from across the Taiwan Strait, that America is pushing Taipei down the road to war with China, just as conspiracy theorists say it did with Ukraine’s war with Russia.

Meanwhile, American congressmen and women have their own, not always selfless, reasons for coming here. The pilgrimage to Taipei is increasingly a way for those on the right to burnish their anti-China credentials to voters back home – although these days, the left appears just as keen to prove their own tough stances when it comes to Beijing.

https://emp.bbc.com/emp/SMPj/2.51.0/iframe.htmlMedia caption,

Nancy Pelosi in Taiwan: Democracy a source of strength

The increased frequency, and unabashed publicity, shows how much has changed between Washington and Beijing.

“Before 2016, people thought visits here should be low key,” says Chen Fang-Yu. “They wanted to avoid angering China. But now more and more people realise that no matter what they do, they will anger China.”

Taiwan’s relationship with the US Congress is deep and long. When in 1979, President Jimmy Carter broke relations with Taipei, and recognised Beijing, it was the US Congress that forced him to sign the Taiwan Relations Act. That act is what underpins the relationship with Taipei to this day. It explicitly commits the US to opposing any attempt to change the status quo across the Taiwan Strait by force, and to supplying Taiwan with sufficient weaponry to defend itself against China.

In the 1970s, Taiwan was a military dictatorship. Its US allies were Republican. The cold war was still very chilly, and the islands were seen as a bulwark against Communism. Today, anti-communism may still play a small part. But far more important is solidarity with a fellow democracy. Taiwan is no longer a Republican Party cause. In the wake of things like Trump’s trade wars, arguments over Covid’s origins and spy balloons being spotted in the US, support for Taiwan among Americans now spreads through both parties.

Added to this, the US also has major national security and economic interests tied to Taiwan – in particular, the semiconductor trade.

It all means that, unlike with Ukraine, there a no voices in Congress calling for the US to cut military support for Taiwan. If anything, it is the opposite.

A map showing locations where Chinese People's Liberation Army (PLA) will conduct military exercises and training activities including live-fire drills is seen on newspaper reports of U.S. House of Representatives Speaker Nancy Pelosi's visit to Taiwan
Image caption,Reaction to the Pelosi visit in Chinese media

But that question remains. Do the visits do more harm than good? When Nancy Pelosi came here in the summer of 2022, Beijing responded by firing ballistic missiles over the top of the island for the first time, including over the capital Taipei. Opinion polls taken after the visit showed a majority here thought the visit had damaged Taiwan’s security.

It is quite common these days to hear those who specialise in Taiwan studies quoting the old maxim from President Theodore Roosevelt to “speak softly and carry a big stick”. J Michael Cole says that is exactly what the US and Taiwan are doing. He says the US congressional visits might be symbolic, but they are good PR for Taipei and for the members of Congress. With the exception of the Pelosi visit, they also fall below the threshold of what really upsets Beijing.

But, says J Michael Cole, what do these visits really mean for US-Taiwan relations? After all, “the really substantive aspect … such as the increasingly high-level exchanges on things like intelligence, like defence, those don’t make the news”.

“Those are constructive,” he continues. “And the United States is adamant that those shall not be publicised by Taiwanese government.”https://lepassaja.com/

Yusril: Sengketa Pilpres 2024 Dibawa Ke MK, Bukan DPR

FRUTANGJERUK.com  Rakyat Merdeka – Pakar Hukum Tata Negara, Yusril Ihza Mahendra menanggapi isu hak angket DPR terhadap Pemerintah atau KPU. Yusril menjelaskan, untuk mencari penyelesaian atas ketidakpuasan terhadap pelaksanaan pemilu dan hasilnya khususnya Pilpres, bisa membawa hal itu ke Mahkamah Konstitusi. Bukan menggunakan hak angket DPR untuk menyelidiki pelaksanaan pemilu yang kewenangan sepenuhnya berada di tangan KPU.

Keberadaan hak angket memang diatur dalam Pasal 20A ayat (2) UUD 1945. Ketentuan mengenal hak angket dalam pasal tersebut dikaitkan dengan fungsi DPR melakukan pengawasan yang tidak spesifik, tetapi bersifat umum dalam hal pengawasan terhadap hal apa saja yang menjadi obyek pengawasan DPR. Ketentuan lebih lanjut tentang hak angket dituangkan dalam undang-undang, yakni undang-undang yang mengatur DPR, MPR, dan DPD.

“Apakah hak angket dapat digunakan untuk menyelidiki dugaan kecurangan dalam pemilu, dalam hal ini Pilpres, oleh pihak yang kalah? Pada hemat saya tidak. Karena UUD 1945 telah memberikan pengaturan khusus terhadap perselisihan hasil pemilu yang harus diselesaikan melalui Mahkamah Konstitusi,” ujar Yusril kepada wartawan, Kamis (22/2/2024).

Selain itu, Yusril menjelaskan, berdasarkan Pasal 24C UUD 1945 dengan jelas menyatakan, bahwa salah satu kewenangan MK adalah mengadili perselisihan hasil pemilihan umum, dalam hal ini Pilpres pada tingkat pertama dan terakhir yang putusannya final dan mengikat.

Mantan Menteri Hukum dan HAM ini menjelaskan, para perumus amandemen UUD 1945 telah memikirkan bagaimana cara yang paling singkat dan efektif untuk menyelesaikan perselisihan hasil pemilu, yakni melalui badan peradilan yaitu Mahkamah Konstitusi.  Hal ini dimaksudkan agar perselisihan itu segera berakhir dan diselesaikan melalui badan peradilan agar tidak menimbulkan kevakuman kekuasaan jika pelantikan Presiden baru tertunda karena perselisihan yang terus berlanjut.

“Oleh karena itu saya berpendapat, jika UUD 1945 telah secara spesifik menegaskan dan mengatur penyelesaian perselisihan Pilpres melalui MK, maka penggunaan angket untuk menyelesaikan perselisihan tersebut tidak dapat digunakan,” ujarnya 

“Penggunaan angket dapat membuat perselisihan hasil Pilpres berlarut-larut tanpa kejelasan kapan akan berakhir. Hasil angket pun hanya berbentuk rekomendasi, atau paling jauh adalah pernyataan pendapat DPR,” tegas Yusril. 

Dia menerangkan, putusan MK dalam mengadili sengketa Pilpres akan menciptakan kepastian hukum. Sementara penggunaan hak angket DPR akan membawa negara ini ke dalam ketidakpastian, yang potensial berujung kepada chaos yang harus kita hindari.

“Kalau niatnya mau memakzulkan Jokowi, hal itu akan membawa negara ini ke dalam jurang kehancuran. Proses pemakzulan itu memakan waktu relatif panjang, dimulai dengan angket seperti mereka rencanakan dan diakhiri dengan pernyataan pendapat DPR bahwa Presiden telah melanggar ketentuan yang diatur dalam Pasal 7B UUD 1945,” kata Yusril. 

Selain itu, dia menambahkan, pernyataan pendapat presiden melanggar ketentuan pasal 7B UUD 1945 itu harus diputus MK. Jika MK setuju dengan DPR, maka DPR harus menyampaikan permintaan pemakzulan kepada MPR. Kemudian, tergantung kepada MPR mau apa tidak.

“Proses ini akan berlangsung berbulan-bulan lamanya, dan saya yakin akan melampaui tanggal 20 Oktober 2024 saat jabatan Jokowi berakhir. Kalau 20 Oktober 2024 itu Presiden baru belum dilantik, maka negara ini berada dalam vakum kekuasaan yang membahayakan. Apakah mereka mau melakukan hal seperti itu? Saya kira negara harus diselamatkan,” tutup Yusril.https://lepassaja.com/

Israel Gaza: China condemns US veto of call for immediate ceasefire at UN

Palestinians watch as people search for bodies and survivors among the rubble following Israeli airstrikes on the west of Al Nusairat refugee camp, southern Gaza Strip, 20 February 2024
Image caption,Palestinians search for bodies and survivors after Israeli air strikes in southern Gaza on Tuesday

By Adam Durbin

BBC News

China has sharply criticised the US for vetoing a United Nations (UN) Security Council resolution demanding an immediate ceasefire in Gaza.

Beijing said the move sent the “wrong message” and effectively gave a “green light to the continued slaughter”.

The White House said the Algerian-proposed resolution would “jeopardise” talks to end the war.

The US has proposed its own temporary ceasefire resolution, which also warned Israel not to invade the city of Rafah.

Algeria’s resolution was backed by 13 of the 15 members of the UN Security Council – with the UK abstaining.

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Under the council’s rules, any resolution that is vetoed by one of its five permanent members – which includes the US – is immediately thrown out.

Israel launched its operations in Gaza following an attack by Hamas on southern Israel on 7 October, during which about 1,200 people were killed and more than 240 others taken hostage.

The Israeli military campaign has left more than 29,000 people dead in Gaza, according to the Palestinian territory’s Hamas-run health ministry.

More than a million displaced Palestinians – about half of the Strip’s population – are crammed into Rafah after being forced to seek shelter there. The southern city, which borders Egypt, was home to only 250,000 people before the war.

Many of the displaced are living in makeshift shelters or tents in squalid conditions, with scarce access to safe drinking water or food.

The US decision to block Algeria’s resolution has been met with widespread condemnation.

China’s UN ambassador Zhang Jun said the claim that the motion would interfere with diplomatic negotiations was “totally untenable”.

“Given the situation on the ground, the continued passive avoidance of an immediate ceasefire is nothing different from giving a green light to the continued slaughter,” he said.

“The spillover of the conflict is destabilising the entire Middle East region, leading to rising risk of a wider war,” he added.

“Only by extinguishing the flames of war in Gaza can we prevent the fires of hell from engulfing the entire region.”

Algeria’s top UN diplomat declared that “unfortunately the Security Council failed once again”.

“Examine your conscience, how will history judge you,” Amar Bendjama added.

Some US allies have also been critical of the decision to veto Algeria’s proposed resolution. France’s UN envoy Nicolas de Rivière expressed regret that the resolution had not been adopted “given the disastrous situation on the ground”.

Linda Thomas-Greenfield, Washington’s ambassador to the UN, said it was not the right time to call for an immediate ceasefire while negotiations between Hamas and Israel were continuing.

Her UK counterpart, Barbara Woodward, said the plan could “actually make a ceasefire less likely” by endangering talks.

The alternative resolution proposed by the US, meanwhile, calls for a temporary ceasefire “as soon as practicable” and on the condition that all hostages are released, as well as urging the lifting of barriers on aid reaching Gaza.

The White House previously avoided the word “ceasefire” during UN votes on the war. It is unclear if or when the Security Council will vote on the proposal.

The draft also states that a major ground offensive in Rafah would result in more harm to civilians and their further displacement, including potentially into neighbouring countries – a reference to Egypt.

Israel’s Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said on Tuesday he was “committed to continuing the war until we achieve all of its goals” and no pressure could change it.

The UN has warned that a planned Israeli offensive in the city could lead to a “slaughter”. The Israeli military has previously insisted it only targets Hamas fighters.

Israeli war cabinet member Benny Gantz said the ground assault would be launched unless Hamas freed all hostages by 10 March.

The failure of Algeria’s proposed resolution comes days after Qatar, one of the countries mediating talks aimed at brokering a pause to the fighting in Gaza, said they had not been “very promising” recently.https://lepassaja.com/